24 лютого 2016
Lecture by Prof. Timothy Mousseau: The Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences of Radioactive Contaminants
The Fulbright Program in Ukraine Launches Public Lecture Series
to Commemorate the 30th Anniversary of the Chornobyl Nuclear Disaster
February - May 2016
The Fulbright Program in Ukraine is pleased to invite you to the first commemorative lecture "The Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences of Radioactive Contaminants, or, What Can Wildlife Tell Us About the Health Risks of Nuclear Accidents?" by U.S. Fulbright Scholar Timothy A. Mousseau, to be held on Wednesday, February 24, 2016, 6:00 p.m., at the Kyiv EducationUSA Advising Center, 20 Esplanadna St., 6th floor, M "Palats Sportu", Kyiv).
Since 1999, Professor Mousseau and his collaborators (esp. Dr. Anders Pape Møller, CNRS, University of Paris-Sud) have explored the ecological and evolutionary consequences of the radioactive contaminants affecting populations of birds, insects, mammals, plants, microbes, and people inhabiting the Chornobyl region of Ukraine, and more recently, in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Their research suggests that many species of plants and animals experience direct toxicity and increased mutational loads as a result of exposure to radionuclides stemming from the Chornobyl and Fukushima disasters. In many species (e.g. the barn swallow, Hirundo rustica), data suggests that this mutational load has had dramatic consequences for development, reproduction and survival, and the effects observed at individual and population levels are having large impacts on the biological communities of these regions. Dr. Mousseau's current research is aimed at elucidating the causes of variation among different species in their apparent sensitivity to radionuclide exposure.
Timothy A. Mousseau, PhD 1988 (McGill University), is a Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of South Carolina (USC). Former positions include Associate Vice President for Research and Dean of the Graduate School at USC, and Program Officer for Population Biology at the US National Science Foundation. He has served on US National Academy of Science committees to examine health hazards related to living near nuclear power plants. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Explorers Club, and is an elected member of the Cosmos Club (Washington, DC). His research is concerned with the ecology and evolution of animals and plants with a special interest in how adaptations to changing environments evolve in natural populations and the evolution of adaptive maternal effects. Since 2000 he and his colleagues have studied the impacts of radioactive fallout from the Chernobyl disaster on natural populations of birds, insects, plants and microbes, with more than 80 scientific publications on this topic. More recently, he has travelled to Fukushima, Japan, to study the impacts of the high radiation levels found in this region. His research has been featured in the New York Times, The Economist, Scientific American, the BBC, and CBS's 60 Minutes. His research combines field ecological surveys with advanced laboratory technologies including genomics, cytogenetics, quantitative genetics, radio-telemetry, and advanced statistical methods to discover and understand the mechanisms underlying variation among individuals and populations in their sensitivity to radioactive contaminants. One aim of his research is to determine whether or not organisms can adapt to radioactive environments. Dr. Mousseau was a Fulbright Senior Specialist to Ukraine 2007-08 and 2012.
Further information can be found at the USC Chernobyl + Fukushima Research Initiative website: http://cricket.biol.sc.edu
The lecture will be presented in English. Simultaneous translation into Ukrainian will be provided.
Please register online to attend the lecture.